Radio carbon dating artifacts
Thus, civilization is expressed in physical attributes, such as toolmaking, agriculture, buildings, technology, urban planning, social structure, social institutions, and so forth.
Culture, on the other hand, refers to the social standards and norms of behavior, the traditions, values, ethics, morality, and religious beliefs and practices that are held in common by members of the society.
This point of view has been used to justify racism and imperialism—powerful societies have often believed it was their right to "civilize," or culturally dominate, weaker ones ("barbarians").
Meanwhile, the Pueblo culture of southwestern North America developed advanced agriculture, irrigation, and permanent, communal settlements such as Taos Pueblo.
However, the Pueblo never developed any of the complex institutions associated with civilizations.
Today, many tribal societies live in states and according to their laws.
The political structures of civilization were superimposed on their way of life, and so they occupy a middle ground between tribal and civilized.